What are those floaty things in your eye Michael Mauser
Have you ever noticed something swimmingin your field of visioné It may look like a tiny wormor a transparent blob, and whenever you try to geta closer look, it disappears, only to reappearas soon as you shift your glance. But don't go rinsing out your eyes! What you are seeing is a common phenomenon known as a floater. The scientific name for these objectsis Muscae volitantes,
Latin for quot;flying flies,quot; and true to their name,they can be somewhat annoying. But they're not actually bugsor any kind of external objects at all. Rather, they exist inside your eyeball. Floaters may seem to be alive,since they move and change shape, but they are not alive. Floaters are tiny objectsthat cast shadows on the retina, the lightsensitive tissueat the back of your eye.
They might be bits of tissue, red blood cells, or clumps of protein. And because they're suspendedwithin the vitreous humor, the gellike liquidthat fills the inside of your eye, floaters drift alongwith your eye movements, and seem to bounce a littlewhen your eye stops. Floaters may be onlybarely distinguishable most of the time.
They become more visiblethe closer they are to the retina, just as holding your hand closerto a table with an overhead light will result in a moresharply defined shadow. And floaters are particularly noticeable when you are lookingat a uniform bright surface, like a blank computer screen, snow, or a clear sky,
where the consistency of the backgroundmakes them easier to distinguish. The brighter the light is,the more your pupil contracts. This has an effect similarto replacing a large diffuse light fixture with a single overhead light bulb, which also makesthe shadow appear clearer. There is another visual phenomenonthat looks similar to floaters but is in fact unrelated. If you've seen tiny dots of lightdarting about
when looking at a bright blue sky, you've experienced what is knownas the blue field entoptic phenomenon. In some ways,this is the opposite of seeing floaters. Here, you are not seeing shadows but little moving windowsletting light through to your retina. The windows are actually causedby white blood cells moving through the capillariesalong your retina's surface. These leukocytes can be so largethat they nearly fill a capillary
What Are Eye Boogers
So, Mr. Sandman, I asked you to bring me adream, and you brought me these gross eye boogers. Ok, but, what actually is this goopy junkthat gathers in the corners of my eyes while I'm asleepé You might know it as eye boogers, sleepies,dream dust, sleep sand, or the sleep in your eyes. Scientists actually don't have a standardtechnical term for this crusty eye residue, but some call it gound or rheum.
Which is much less fun to say. Rheum is a term for any thin discharge thatcomes from mucusy parts of your body, like your eyes and nose. The kind that comes from your eyes is madeup of all kinds of junk, like mucus, dead skin cells, oil, dust, and bacteria. This delightful mixture gathers and driesto form a crusty residue in the corners of your eyes after you've been snoozing fora while. But then, why do eye boogers only seem tobuild up when we're sleepingé
Well, it turns out that gound or at leastthe things in it is kind of always there. You just don't know that it's there mostof the time. Your eyeballs need to be kept nice and wetto function, so they're protected under this watery coating called a tear film. A tear film actually has a couple of parts:an inner layer of watery mucus that coats your cornea and keeps your eyes lubricated,and a thin oily layer on top to keep all that moisture inside. So normally when you're awake, any crudthat gets in your eye is washed away by this
tear film whenever you blink. Your eyelids are a lot less active when you'reasleep, though. When you close your eyes for the night â€” oreven just for a nap â€” you stop blinking, which means you're not clearing out allthat debris. So it builds up, along with some of the mucusand oils from your tear film, and collects in the corner of your eye. And, before you know it, you have eye boogersin all of their crusty, cruddy glory. Some gound is dry and crumbly, and some iswet and sticky it all depends on what's
in your tear film. For example, people who have allergies tendto rub their eyes or produce more eye mucus, so there's more gunk floating around, whichmeans goopier eye boogers. Gross, yes. Dangerousé Not usually. But excessive eye boogers can be a sign ofa more serious health problem. People with certain eye conditions, such asoveractive oil glands or blocked tear ducts, can have more eye discharge and residue buildup. And with some infections, like pinkeye, thegunky buildup can get so bad that people can't
open their eyes in the morning! Those are some strong boogers. But don't worry for the vast majorityof people, gound is normal and harmless. Thanks to two of our patreon patrons AbbyBarnum, and a patron known only as â€œMikeyâ€� for asking this question, and thanks toall our patrons, who keep these answers coming. If you'd like to submit a question to beanswered, just go to patreon scishow. And don't forget to go to scishowand subscribe!.