Can Eye Floaters Break Apart

Should You Eat Yourself

Hey, Vsauce. Michael here.And Jake. And Kevin. And we are in Santa Monica, which of course means that the quot;Vquot; in quot;Vsaucequot;will stand for the Roman numeral five, as in five questions from you guys. Our first question comes from quot;@notchquot;. He didn't ask this of me in particular,but I love how nonintuitive the answer is.Assume

an Earth that's perfectly spherical and a rope, stretched around the equator snugly. What would happen if that rope was just,say, six meters longeré Six meters isn't very much, but because of the relationshipbetween a circumference and a radius, six meters of extra rope would allow theentire rope to not fit snugly around the earth,

but one meter above it, all the way around. That's cool, but what if instead of a rope we used something more rigid, like a structure, a bridge and we built the bridge all the way around the Earth. And then, all at once, destroyed its supports. Would it floatéClearly the earth's gravity would pull the structure down,

but down is in the opposite directionfor the other side of the bridge. Well, it turns out such a scenario would be incrediblyunstable. Earth's gravity isn't equal everywhere, and if you follow @tweetsauceyou saw some great graphs showing just how much gravity changes, simply based on the density of rock below. When you factor in the Sun and the Moon,you wind up with a bridge structure that is not gonna stay where it is.If the bridge itself was indestructible, it would start

violently hula hooping around theearth, crushing things. But there's no known material strong enough to do that.Instead, you would wind up with bridge pieces flying everywhere. A sphere around the earth would be a bitmore stable, but a ringé Not so much. The ring, even if spinning, would rapidlybreak apart into smaller pieces. Last week you guys asked me a questionthat I have always wondered. Let's say I was stranded in themountains, waiting for rescuers to arrive,

but it was going to take a while.I had plenty of snow and plenty of water, but I was hungry dying of starvation would it make sense to amputate one of my legs and eat itéI mean,

Is Your Red The Same as My Red

Hey, Vsauce. Michael here. This appears blue. This appears yellow.And this appears green. Those of us with normal color vision can probably agree.But that doesn't change the fact that color is an illusion. Color, as we know it, does not exist in theoutside world, beyond us, like gravity or protons do. Instead, color is created insideour heads. Our brains convert a certain range of the electromagnetic spectrum into color.I can measure the wavelength of radiation, but I can't measure or observethe experience of a color inside your mind. So, how do I know that when you and me lookat a strawberry, and, in my brain, this perception

occurs, which I call quot;red,quot; that, in yourbrain, a perception like this doesn't occur, which you have, of course, also learned tocall red. We both call it red. We communicate effectively and walk away, never knowing justhow different each of our internal experiences really were. Of course, we already know that not everybodysees color in exactly the same way. One example would be color blindness. But we can diagnoseand discuss these differences because people with the conditions fail to see things that most of us can. Conceivably though, there could be ways ofseeing that we use that cause colors to look

differently in different people's minds, withoutaltering their performances on any tests we could come up with. Of course, if that were the case, wouldn'tsome people think other colors look better than othersé Or that some colors were morecomplimentary of othersé Well, yeah, but doesn't that already happené This matters because it shows how fundamentally,in terms of our perceptions, we are all alone in our minds. Let's say I met an alien from a far away solarsystem who, lucky enough, could speak English,

but had never, and could never, feel pain.I could explain to the alien that pain is sent through A delta and C fibers to the spinalchord. The alien could learn every single cell and pathway and process and chemicalinvolved in the feeling of pain. The alien could pass a biology exam about pain andbelieve that pain, to us, generally is a bad thing. But no matter how much he learned, the alienwould never actually feel pain. Philosophers call these ineffable, raw feelings quot;Qualia.quot;And our inability to connect physical phenomenon to these raw feelings, our inability to explainand share our own internal qualia is known

as the quot;Explanatory Gap.quot; This gap is confrontedwhen describing color to someone who's been blind their entire life. Tommy Edison has never been able to see.He has a YouTube channel where he describes what being blind is like. It's an amazing channel.In one tutorial he talks about colors and how strange and foreign of a concept it seemsto him. Sighted people try to explain, for instance, that red is quot;hot,quot; and blue is quot;cold.quot;But to someone who has never seen a single color, that just seems weird. And, as he explains,it has never caused him to finally see a color. Some philosophers, like Daniel Dennett, arguethat qualia may be private and ineffable simply

because of a failure of our own language,not because they are necessarily always going to be impossible to share. There may be an alien race that communicatesin a language that causes colors to appear in your brain without your retina having tobe involved at all. Or without you having to have ever needed to actually see the coloryourself. Perhaps, even in English, he says, given millions and billions of words usedin just the right way, it may be possible to adequately describe a color such that ablind person could see it for the first time. Or you could figure out that, onceandforall,yes or no, in fact, you and your friend

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